Coppice Valley Primary School

Learners for Life



At Coppice Valley we offer children a knowledge and skills rich geography curriculum. Geography lessons focus on developing geographical skills and children working as geographers with the National Curriculum at their heart. Pupils expand their vocabularies with technical, geographical words. We are committed to outdoor learning and real-life experiences whenever possible i.e. visiting the local beck to take water samples. Links to History, Science and other subject areas are also explored in our topics. Pupils learn about the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As children progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time. Every child is able to access lessons through quality first teaching and scaffolding lessons to meet pupils’ needs. Geography offers all pupils the opportunity to develop their spiritual, moral, social and cultural learning as they explore the natural world and the people in it e.g. the morality of deforestation and the awe and wonder experienced in nature.

Values Led-Learning

Brave: Children will progress and grow in their geographical understanding, challenging to research, analyse and evaluate information. They will be resilient to set-backs in their learning and ambitious to learn all they can about the world around them.

Curious: Children will be curious and fascinated by the world and its people, the processes and interactions between the Earth and its citizens that shape the world around them.

Kind: They will have knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep appreciation of the need to look after and preserve our world. They will be globally responsible citizens of the world.

Curriculum at each phase

In EYFS, children learn through first-hand experiences to explore, observe, problem solve, predict, think critically, make decisions and talk about the creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments. Children learn about seasons, the weather, features in the local area and the buildings that surround them. They will also be encouraged to record their findings, perhaps through drawing, writing, and modelling.

In KS1, children will develop their geographical skills such as map reading, drawing maps and plans, using globes and a compass. They will increase their knowledge with learning about continents, poles and the equator. Children will learn to observe geographical features in the local environment and compare it to other places. They will increase their geographical vocabulary. In KS1 children have the opportunity to develop these skills, which are revisited and developed over the key stage:

  • Find and name some continents on a world map
  • Name and locate the countries of the UK on a map or globe.
  • Name and locate the capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas.
  • Identify the similarities and differences between the local environment and one other place.
  • Name the four seasons and describe the typical weather for each of them.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to name physical and human features of familiar places.
  • Identify hot and cold areas of the world.
  • Recognise simple human and physical features on an aerial photograph or simple map showing an awareness that objects look simple from above.
  • Locate the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  • Use simple locational language including in front, behind, next to, far away and near to, to describe the location of geographical features on a map and in fieldwork.
  • Use compass directions (North, South, East and West) to describe the location of geographical features and routes on a map.
  • Draw a simple picture map (e.g. of an imaginary place from a story) labelling particular features.
  • Draw simple maps or plans using symbols for a key.
  • Identify and describe geographical human and physical features using an aerial photograph.
  • Use the correct terms for simple geographical features in the local environment.
  • Describe and compare human and physical features seen in their local environment and other places in the world.
  • Suggest ways of improving the local environment.


In KS2, pupils develop their geography knowledge and skills through Cornerstones topics. Children develop their map skills with scales and keys and their knowledge of processes with learning about erosion and depositation, for example. They revisit key concepts so learning is embedded e.g. using the four points of a compass in KS1 is developed to eight points in KS2 and learning about seasons and weather is revisited in KS2 when the impact of weather on food production is studied.

In KS2, pupils will learn to:

  • Locate geographical features on a map or atlas using symbols show in a key.
  • Draw sketch maps and plans using agreed symbols for a key.
  • Locate the countries of Europe (including Russia), North and South America.
  • Describe and compare different features of human and physical geography of a place, offering explanations for the locations for some of these features.
  • Suggest which source material to use for a specific task, locating the information needed.
  • Name and locate counties and cities of the UK, identifying and describing their human and physical characteristics.
  • Make comparisons of the same geographical feature in different countries.
  • Produce accurate scaled maps.
  • Describe and explain similarities and differences (human and physical) of a region of a European country, and a region or area within North or South America.
  • Present findings both geographically and in writing using appropriate vocabulary.
  • Use technical and geological vocabulary to describe geographical processes.
  • Explain how the physical processes of erosion, transportation and deposition affect the environment.
  • Locate appropriate information needed for a task from a source material.
  • Identify how people both damage and improve the environment.
  • Propose geographical questions, collecting and recording specific evidence to answer them.
  • Describe how weather and climate affects land use and food productions.
  • Use search engines, index, contents and other research techniques to locate and interpret information
  • Explain how climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts affect the physical and human features of a place in the world.
  • Make comparisons of the same geographical feature in different countries.
  • Use sketch maps and plans using standardised symbols and a key.
  • Use the eight points of a compass to describe the location of a country or geographical feature.
  • Locate and name geographical features on an Ordnance Survey map.
  • Compare land use and geographical features on different types of maps.
  • Observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area responding to a range of geographical questions.
  • Suggest sources for finding data related to a task and analyse data collected to draw conclusions about a place of geographical issue.
  • Choose the best method for recording observations and measurements, including sketch maps, plans, graphs and digital technologies.